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Breast Cancer

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#1. The nurse recognizes which of the following statements as accurately reflecting a risk factor for breast cancer?

Risk for breast cancer increases twofold if first-degree female relatives (sister, mother, or daughter) had breast cancer.

Increased risk is associated with early menarche (i.e., menses beginning before 12 years of age).

Nulliparity and later maternal age for first birth are associated with increased risk for breast cancer.

Alcohol use remains controversial; however, a slightly increased risk is found in women who consume even one drink daily and doubles among women drinking three drinks daily.

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#2. A client receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer has an order for Zofran (ondansetron) 8mg PO to be given 30 minutes before induction of the chemotherapy. The purpose of the medication is to:

Risk for breast cancer increases twofold if first-degree female relatives (sister, mother, or daughter) had breast cancer.

Increased risk is associated with early menarche (i.e., menses beginning before 12 years of age).

Nulliparity and later maternal age for first birth are associated with increased risk for breast cancer.

Alcohol use remains controversial; however, a slightly increased risk is found in women who consume even one drink daily and doubles among women drinking three drinks daily.

#3. A client with breast cancer is returned to the room following a right total mastectomy. The nurse should:

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#4. During a breast examination, which finding most strongly suggests that the Luz has breast cancer?

A total mastectomy involves removal of the entire breast and some or all of the axillary lymph nodes.

Following surgery, the client’s right arm should be elevated on pillows, to facilitate lymph drainage.

Other options are incorrect because they would not help facilitate lymph drainage and would create increased edema in the affected extremity.

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#5. What does regional refer to in relation to breast cancer?

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