#1. The therapeutic approach in the care of an autistic child include the following EXCEPT
Engage in diversionary activities when acting -out
Provide an atmosphere of acceptance
Provide safety measures
Rearrange the environment to activate the child
- The child with autistic disorder does not want change.
- Maintaining a consistent environment is therapeutic.
- Angry outburst can be rechanneled through safe activities.
- Acceptance enhances a trusting relationship.
- Ensure safety from self-destructive behaviors like head banging and hair pulling.
#2. Primary level of prevention is exemplified by:
Helping the client resume self care.
Ensuring the safety of a suicidal client in the institution.
Teaching the client stress management techniques
Case finding and surveillance in the community
- Primary level of prevention refers to the promotion of mental health and prevention of mental illness.
- This can be achieved by rendering health teachings such as modifying ones responses to stress.
- 1. This is tertiary level of prevention that deals with rehabilitation.
- 2and 4. Secondary level of prevention which involves reduction of actual illness through early detection and treatment of illness.
#3. A 10 year old child has very limited vocabulary and interaction skills. She has an I.Q. of 45. She is diagnosed to have Mental retardation of this classification:
- The child with moderate mental retardation
- has an I.Q. of 35-50 Profound Mental retardation
- has an I.Q. of below 20; Mild mental retardation 50-70 and Severe mental retardation has an I.Q. of 20-35.
#4. The superego is that part of the psyche that:
Uses defensive function for protection
Is impulsive and without morals.
Determines the circumstances before making decisions.
The censoring portion of the mind
- The critical censoring portion of one’s personality; the conscience.
- 1. This refers to the ego function that protects itself from anything that threatens it..
- 2. The Id is composed of the untamed, primitive drives and impulses
- 3. This refers to the ego that acts as the moderator of the struggle between the id and the superego.
#5. Freud explains anxiety as:
Strives to gratify the needs for satisfaction and security
Conflict between id and superego
A hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal reaction to stress
A conditioned response to stressors
- Freud explains anxiety as due to opposing action drives between the id and the superego.
- 1. Sullivan identified 2 types of needs, satisfaction and security. Failure to gratify these needs may result in anxiety.
- 3. Biomedical perspective of anxiety.
- 4. Explanation of anxiety using the behavioral model.